14th Needle/Leaf Interlaboratory Comparison Test - 2011/201262 laboratories in 28 countries participated in the 14th Needle/Leaf Interlaboratory Test. A new system for qualification and re-qualification started with the 11th test in 2009. This system was enlarged after the manual update in 2010 to all ICP-Forests partners.
With the ring test report each participant received a qualification report. It has been decided to qualify the results of each parameter separately. If 50% or more (two, three or all four samples) of the results for this parameter for all the samples of the ring test are within the tolerable limits, the laboratory is qualified. Re-qualification is mandatory for all ICP-Forests laboratories, if monitoring results (foliage, litterfall, ground vegetation) will be submitted to PCC Hamburg in autumn 2012 from the vegetation period 2011.
Also new in this test is the usage of maximum acceptable limits of quantification (LOQ). These limits are needed, because a lot of laboratories are using multi element methods (mostly ICP-AES) with a high LOQ for some elements. But for evaluating and classification of the monitoring results lower LOQ are needed. A task was given from the 12th Expert Panel Meeting Foliage and Litterfall (Tallinn 2011) to the Working Group QA/QC in Laboratories to fix this problem. Maximum acceptable LOQ for mandatory and optional parameters for foliage, litterfall and ground vegetation were discussed and accepted in the 3rd Lab-Head Meeting (Arcachon 2011). Because of this additional qualification parameter not so good results were expected especially for copper, lead and cadmium.
Surprisingly, a high percentage of non tolerable results could be found for mandatory elements especially phosphorous (15.9%), calcium (14.7%), magnesium (19.3%) and potassium (21.0%). Most of these laboratories with QC/QA-problems are using photometric methods for phosphorous determination and atomic absorption methods for Calcium, Magnesium and Potassium determination.
A clear recommendation to ICP-AES can be given and where ICP-AES is not sensitive enough ICP-AES with ultrasonic nebulizer, ICP-MS or Flameless AAS must be used. For nitrogen and carbon element analyzer is the best choice, if a correct calibration is performed.
The following participating laboratories with a lower percentage of correct results (less than 80% of the submitted results are correct) have bigger QC/QA-problems in their laboratory: (see Figure 1):
A50 (77.5%), F23 (76.8%), F29 (71.2%), F01 (70.0%), F10 (68.8%), F24 (67.9%), A42 (65.0%), A34 (61.4%), A62 (56.3%), A75 (53.6%), A43 (50.0%), A57 (50.0%), A59 (50.0%), A76 (50.0%) and F26 (50.0%).
Figure 1: 14th Interlaboratory Comparison Test - Percentage of correct results
Especially these laboratories should participate in the re-qualification program and/or contact the Google group QA/QC in labs for additional help with their specific problems.
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