SINSOIL - Measuring Greenhouse Gases in Singapur
Studies on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in humid tropical ecosystems are limited
although they exert substantial influence on the atmospheric concentrations of
the GHGs [carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrous oxide (N2O), and
methane (CH4)]. On the other hand the source and sink capacities of
these greenhouse gases from tropical ecosystems are rare. High rainfall and
year round high air temperature in the tropics provide optimal conditions for
the biogeochemical cycling of nitrogen (N) and carbon (C). These ecosystems
generate the highest soil-atmosphere CO2 fluxes of any biome,
provide the largest natural source of N2O, and are increasingly
thought to provide a substantial net source of CH4. Although the net
C balance of humid tropical forest soils remains uncertain, they contain a
significant portion (approximately 500 Pg) of the terrestrial organic carbon
(C) pool. But, land-use change (e.g. creation of parkland), management and
climate change affect soil C and N storage and cycling from humid tropical
soils and soil GHG emissions will substantially differ across different
ecosystems and management practices.
With the SINSOIL project, the first baseline data on soil GHG emissions (CO2, N2O and CH4) from a natural forest land and an urban parkland under commonly used management practices (grass vegetation, N fixing plants and compost application) over a 1 year period will be collected.
The project SINSOIL follows two objectives- To receive detailed soil GHG flux data as a baseline for the quantification of soil GHG effluxes in Singapore. Soil GHG fluxes will be quantified from a natural forest land in the Central Catchment (Fig.), which also serves as a current SINCA plot and also from an urban parkland/grassland. This will allow us to assess soil GHG fluxes throughout a full year and to relate them to soil and environmental properties. In a further step, annual soil GHG emissions can be upscaled and the output of SINCA can be validated with regard to the previously assessed soil GHG emissions. - To provide deeper understanding of the influence of different management strategies on soil GHG-emissions. We aim at assessing for the first time the effects of commonly used parkland management practices on soil GHG emissions in tropical regions. As a primary objective, the data will provide best management practice guidelines with regard to the reduction of GHG emissions.
MethodsFluxes of nitrous oxide (N2O), methane (CH4), and carbon dioxide (CO2) will be measured monthly over 1 year in 2 ecosystems - a forest site and in an urban parkland site. In the parkland site 3 different typical management practices (a grassland (control), a compost application on the grassland and a planting of N-fixing plants) will be applied. In the parkland GHG fluxes are measured from 15 plots á 4 chambers using the static chamber technique. At the forest site 5 plots á 4 chambers were installed. Gas samples are sent to the BFW and analyzed by gas chromatography. The soil samples will be taken every 2nd month to characterize the soil microbial biomass and the nitrogen availability. Additionally, soil temperature and soil moisture are recorded automatically. CO2 flux is measured on site with a portable CO2 analyzer.
Objectives of SINSOIL
Participants at BFW: Barbara Kitzler, Ernst Leitgeb, Andreas Schindlbacher, Armin Hofbauer, Katarina Stefaner, Brigitte Schraufstaedter, Raffaela Wettl, Eugenie Fink
Participants in Singapur: Subhadip Ghosh, Mohamed Lokman Yusof, Hassan Ibrahim
Federal Research and Training Centre for Forests, Natural Hazards and Landscape (BFW)
Austria, 1131 Vienna, Seckendorff-Gudent-Weg 8 | Tel.: +43 1 878 38-0
Autor: Leitgeb E.